The Science of Newborn Baby's Skin and How to Protect it
In this article, we explore the science behind your newborn's skin, what to look out for and how to protect them.
Newborn Baby Skin
At birth, baby's skin is at a pH level of 7.0 (neutral). In comparison, healthy adult skin is at a pH level of 5.5. This means your baby's skin is fragile and vulnerable.
But that's OK! It's natural and here's why.
The answer lies in the top layer of skin - the epidermis.
This top layer is very thin and can be easily damaged, as the protective function of the skin is not fully developed. As newborns grow, their skin develops its own natural protective barrier.
As parents, it's our job to protect our children and that includes their skin. We need to support and build that level of defence, so their skin becomes strong and healthy.
The best line of defence for your baby's skin is using the right products.
Products that are developed with a pH level of 5.5 help to stabilise a newborn's skin barrier and limit further damage to the thin epidermis layer.
By integrating these products into your baby's routine, you're ensuring their skin's future health.
What to watch out for
Parenthood is not always easy and that's normal. (Hands up who hasn't had a good night's sleep in weeks!)
The same goes for your baby's skincare. As parents, we do everything we can to prevent skin problems from developing. But as we know, a newborn's skin is fragile and unfortunately some problems can occur:
This is a common skin condition usually found on the scalp, face and can affect the nappy area. The cause of cradle cap is unclear, but it's unlikely to bother your baby.
- Greasy, scaly skin patches that form a crust
- White or yellow colourisation
- Dry, flaky skin
This common condition occurs when the skin in the nappy area is damaged by the contact of urine, faeces, or the nappy rubbing against the skin for a long period. It can cause the skin barrier to break down, leaving your baby distressed and uncomfortable if not treated properly.
Scaly, dry, red patches of skin on baby's nappy area
Skin looks sore and feels hot to touch
The most common form of Eczema in babies is Atopic Eczema. This can become a long-term skin condition but is easily treated. It is often found on baby's face and scalp but can develop elsewhere on the body.
Dry, itchy skin that becomes cracked and sore
Red, dark brown colourisation
Being aware of these common skin conditions means you can be one step ahead and provide the correct protection for your baby.
Protecting newborn skin
The golden rule for protecting skin has always been less is more. But for newborn's skin, we believe simple is better.
Here are 5 ways to protect your baby's skin and support the skin's natural barrier:
- Bath your baby in just warm water for the first month
- Keep bathing to a minimum to avoid stripping the skin's natural oils
- Baby skin is highly absorbent, but it should be moisturised regularly to avoid dryness
- Protect your baby from the sun by staying in the shade as much as possible
- Use mild cleansing & skincare products which are developed to a pH value of 5.5, that of healthy skin, to help build the baby's protective function.
Baby sebamed products are formulated exactly at pH 5.5 to support your baby's skin and develop the vital defence right from Day 1.
Now you know the science behind your baby's skin - it's as fascinating and challenging as parenthood!